1853 enfield markings

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While the United Kingdom is not known for its weapons’ production today, in that century the United Kingdom was a powerhouse of military technology and production. The lock of the gun  functions perfectly and operates crisply on all positions. The history of the British bayonet goes back to the 17th century, and because of this the British bayonet is one of the more interesting types of militaria to collect. 1853 Enfield ... been adapted into a tribal knife but still bears traces of the British markings. There is also a surface scar between the upper band and nose cap on the reverse of the stock. Pattern 1853 Enfield Rifles for Sale. These items were easily obtainable in England for reasonable prices and could be sold for huge profits in the Confederacy. The barrel was then "defarbed" by removing the modern Parker Hale markings and serial number, and stamping the proper London proof marks in their place. While some have the better known viewer marks like the {CROWN} / SH / G# or the {Anchor/S}, none are known with the engraved inventory number and JS / {ANCHOR} inspection mar that is associated with the second Sinclair, Hamilton & Company contract with the Confederate central government for 30,000 Pattern 185 Enfield Rifle Muskets. Armisport, Euroarms, Pedersoli Enfield Remove visible Italian Markings and relocate the Serial number to the bottom of the barrel. The lock is marked POTTS & HUNT / LONDON, and there is no "Crown" or "V.R." The protector has the correct pattern chain and the original iron base with  only traces of the leather pad remaining. According to British socket bayonet authority Graham Priest, the “J•R” marking indicates that the bayonet was likely made in Liege, Belgium. However, as I have noted more than once, when it comes to Civil War used Enfields, “never say never” is a good watch word as even strong trends do not always hold consistently. This bayonet was built at Enfield and shows the E proof. $80.00. Enfield Pattern 1853 rifles made under contract or made by the British government can be classified as follows: All must carry the small acceptance mark towards the front of the lock plate which is a crown descending into a broad arrow. $8.95 shipping. The only one that has a sling swivel on the front barrel band is the British Pattern 1853 Rile-Musket. This Confederate Potts & Hunt does have boarder line engraving. M7 Bayonet US Military Vietnam Era Knife with M10 Sheath New in Original Packaging. Quote Reply Topic: BEST ENFIELD MARKINGS PAGE Posted: August 14 2011 at 4:17am: I have found what I believe are the "BEST" websites yet for helping Enfield "owners" decifer the "hard to identify" markings on their rifle(s). The original gun has some sort of unit markings in Sandskrit(?) Bayonet is stamped with E/British crown/25 on the throat. Even William B Edwards noted in Civil War Guns that “While Potts & Hunt are characterized by Albaugh as “probably Confederate”, Colt was a contractor with Potts & Hunt and more likely the Potts & Hunt Enfields in the Civil War came to the North through Colt.” Colt had developed his relationship with the firm during his time operating his London manufactory. I saw an article that said the 14th Ga. Hunt, The Pattern 1853 “Enfield” Rifle Musket is often noted as being the second most used long arm on both sides during the course of the American Civil War. BRITISH PATTERN 1853 ENFIELD RIFLE BIRMINGHAM EXPORT PRODUCTION MARKED TOWER 1863. The hammer is the traditional “London style” hammer without the engraved “feathers” on the nose, but which has matching boarder lines engraved on the hammer body. Markings on British and Commonwealth Bayonets . I know little about 1853 Enfields except that it was the second most common firearm in the US Civil War. Original Enfield Bayonet Scabbards for No5 Jungle Carbine, No7, No9, SLR bayonets – Grade 1. Armisport, Euroarms, Pedersoli Enfield Remove visible Italian Markings and relocate the Serial number to the bottom of the barrel. Windsor production from Vermont USA are marked WINDSOR on the locks. Offered here is a VERY GOOD condition example of a commercial Pattern 1853 Enfield Rifle Musket produced by the London firm of Potts & Hunt that has one of the enigmatic and yet to be identified Confederate inspection marks on the stock comb, in front of the buttplate tang. I've read posts on markings found on Confederate Enfield butt plates and see 4 numeral numbers, a letter and a number combinations,but nothing like this. The most iconic of the imported arms to see service with the Confederacy during the American Civil War is the British P-1853 Enfield Rifle Musket, marked with the Confederate J S / Anchor viewer’s mark of John Southgate, combined with an engraved Confederate inventory number on the tang of the brass buttplate. These profits made the risks and expenses of operating as a blockade runner much more attractive then it would be if the ship owners and captains were simply delivering items for the Confederate government. The Pattern 1853 Enfield was not Britain’s first rifle to use the expanding Minié-style projectile, but it was a “smallbore” improvement and upgrade of the earlier .702-cal. Enfield Pattern 1853 rifles made under contract or made by the British government can be classified as follows: Enfield Factory - marked ENFIELD on the locks. These tiny pieces are often found missing from Enfields that survive today. However, some commercial Enfields can be found with the examiners' marks on some of the component parts. P1853 Original Enfield 3-Band Bayonet in good condition, fits Original 3-Band Enfield Muskets. These ranged a gamut of Martini-Henry's, Snider converted original Enfield pattern 1853's, blatant knockoffs of the Martini-Henry rifles that lacked all British markings completely and were often engraved with popular Middle Eastern geometric and scrollwork designs. This bayonet fits the Enfield muzzle loader, some Snyder rifles and some Martini-Henry rifles. London Contractors - marked TOWER on the locks. Enfield Factory - marked ENFIELD on the locks. It is generally believed that Potts & Hunt provided Colt’s entrée into the English gun trade and probably helped him make arrangements to buy, and later sell, the barrels through some of the Birmingham based suppliers. This bayonet fits the Enfield muzzle loader, some Snyder rifles and some Martini-Henry rifles. © 1998-2020 Copyright Research Press All Rights Reserved. This Bayonet and Scabbard pairing is for our 3-band Enfield Musket. The Enfield Pattern 1853 rifle-musket (also known as the Pattern 1853 Enfield, P53 Enfield, ... marking the target and squeezing the trigger. The 1853 Enfield series of Arms includes three band longarms for infantry, two band rifles, cavalry carbines and a artillery carbine. No information on the GAR post as yet but this weapon makes for a wonderful research project. Overall, this is a very attractive, relatively crisp, 100% period complete and correct Confederate Purchased Pattern 1853 Enfield Rifle Musket by the well-known London gun making firm of Potts & Hunt. The lock has a similar, although thicker mottled brown patina. December 18, 2020 General General Original Item: Only One Available. Examiners' marks are a crown over a number with no letter. The lock is marked POTTS & HUNT / LONDON, and there is no "Crown" or "V.R." In a completely non-scientific analysis of extant examples of Potts & Hunt produced Enfield rifle muskets, it has been found that the many of the Potts & Hunt guns with southern or Confederate markings and attributions do not have this boarder line engraving, while most of the examples with the border line engraving that have any sort of markings or attribution have a Yankee association. The first rifle to bear the Enfield name, however, was the Enfield Rifle of 1853. An original, period snap cap (cone protector) is in place, suspended from the correct pattern iron split ring that is attached to the lower sling swivel. Both are fairly old, as the chips show wear and age, and are the result of improper removal of the barrel from the stock. The firm of Potts & Hunt was established in London at 27 Tenter Street East in 1854. Rob then of the Nepalese-made Francotte-Martini and Lee-Enfield rifles (neither of which were The markings also need to be photographed or described accurately, American Jacob Snider invented a breech-loading lock, which was then used to convert the pattern 1853 Enfield muzzle loading rifle. The three steel barrel bands are held on with screw pressure, as typical of the 3rd model. ENFIELD RIFLE MUSKET - 3 BANDS - PATTERN 1853. The mark is the expected small circle that appears to contain the initials JH, although the marking is weak and not fully legible. The Enfield 1853 Rifle-Musket was also used by both the North and the South in the American Civil War, and was the second most widely used infantry weapon in the war, surpassed only by the Springfield Model. Socket bayonet for use with the Pattern 1853 Enfield Rifle-Musket. An original jag-head Enfield ramrod is in the channel under the barrel. The base shows XXXV1 marking This bayonet appears to have been plated at one time. This is a solid, very nice condition, Pattern 1853 57 Caliber Enfield Rifle. X. In addition to these, those rifles sent for refurbishment to the depot at Pimlico in South London will carry further marks of a crown over P and a number. The Pattern 1854 Austrian Lorenz is the second most imported rifle after the British Pattern 1853 Enfield. London Contractors - marked TOWER on the locks. The type served in several notable conflicts of the period including the Crimean War (1853-1856), the United States Civil War (1861-1865) and the New Zealand Land Wars (1845-1872). As such, commercial export Enfields without British military markings (from both Birmingham and London) are often generically thought of as “US imports”. The Pattern 1853 “Enfield” Rifle Musket is often noted as being the second most used long arm on both sides during the course of the American Civil War. This same mating mark is found throughout the gun, including the lock mounting screws, the breech plug tang screw, under the barrel and in the ramrod channel. Bayonet is stamped with E/British crown/25 on the throat. marking on the lock plate tail. This marking system coincides with the 2nd Confederate contract with Sinclair, Hamilton & Company for 30,000 P-1853 Enfields. The bore also shows some scattered patches of light pitting here and there. The overall appearance is really very attractive, and the patina of the wood matches the metal wonderfully. The Enfield 1853 Rifle-Musket was also used by both the North and the South in the American Civil War, and was the second most widely used infantry weapon in the war, surpassed only by the Springfield Model ... British Lee Enfield No. Pattern 1853 Enfield Rifles for Sale. It appears that much of Potts & Hunt’s commercial production of Enfield rifle muskets (manufactured in the early 1860s) was sold to US buyers during the course of the American Civil War. This example has no British government markings, indicating that it was likely imported to the USA during the American Civil War. Mr. It was manufactured in the middle of the American Civil War. This number does not include the Enfields purchased by northern states such as New York, New Jersey and Massachusetts. Original P1853 Enfield 3-Band Bayonet October 4, 2020 Similar post One of the London based arms makers that has always had a strong Civil War association was the firm of Potts & Hunt. The P-1853 Enfield Rifle Musket offered here is a classic example of a Confederate marked and imported musket that ... with some darker mottling, suggesting strong traces of the original case colored finish. ORIGINAL BRITISH ENFIELD RIFLE BAYONET OD CANVAS FROG Northridge International Inc. 5.0 out of 5 stars 2. Great deals on Enfield Rifle Parts. Adjacent to the maker mark are ¼” high stamped letters and numerals that read “21, G A R, P, 96, ”. The firm of, In 1861, Colt received a contract to deliver 10,000, Potts & Hunt Enfields also appear with Confederate inspection and importation markings as well. The Confederate acquired Potts & Hunt  guns often bear one of the lesser known Confederate inspection marks, which are also found on some Barnett arms like a small script or block JS in a circle, a small SL in a circle or even a JH in a circle; just to list a few. Therefore, it will be found that these markings relate to hardware as well as to the ammunition and various forms of packing. SORT BY: Relevancy. BAYO 414 - BAYO 414 This is a standard British 1853 pattern socket bayonet with a 16 ½” triangular blade. These 40” long variants of the P1853 Enfield barrel were marked with a  “Diamond C” at the breech. The item for sale is an Enfield No.4 Mark l rifle in excellent condition. MARKINGS & DESIGNATIONS... German Manufacturing Codes of Occupied Countries during World War 2 ... S.L.E. The British Pattern 1853 Enfield rifle-musket is a favorite of Civil War arms enthusiasts and reenactors alike. Examiners' marks are a crown over E over a number. London Armoury Company - marked LACo on the locks. As such, commercial export Enfields without British military markings (from both Birmingham and London) are often generically thought of as “US imports”. Lockplate stamped with a crown and "1862 / TOWER;" includes a lead nipple protector on a brass chain, action functions properly. The stock has a nice, uncleaned look with the appearance of burnished wood that reminds one of a banister rubbed by thousands of hands over many decades of handling. Liege (Belgium) production marked on the lock with the usual Crown VR and date but no place name. This does not make government models. This Pattern 1853 Enfield, with the name J.A. The artillery carbine was intended for troops that needed something with more range than a pistol. The gun retains its original long-range rear sight and the combination front sight/bayonet lug. Strip blue and polish to Armory Bright. All of these marks are found on the comb of the stock, forward of the buttplate tang, and are approximately the same size as the well-known CH / 1 Barnett mark. It is stamped ”30” on the mortise side of the socket, and ”G6” on the underside of the socket. Examiners' marks are crown over F and a number. Marked, It full-length and has good threads at the end. The Anchor S stamp is very sharp and clear and is stamped in the wood in front of the buttplate tang. Every blockade runner reserved part of its cargo space for such purchases that ranged from the European luxuries that were selling for exorbitant prices in the south during the war like high end fabrics and perfume, to much more mundane items like pins, needles and shovels; all items that were difficult to obtain in the south during the war. This bayonet - when attached - rests to the right of the barrel-muzzle. The stock of the gun is in about VERY GOOD condition as well. Of course, Colt was not the only buyer to obtain Enfields from Potts & Hunt, as the company sold the guns to all willing buyers on both sides of the conflict. &, I have done a small bit of research. The lock is marked Barnett London with correct London barrel proofs. Examiners' marks are a crown over Z and a number. P1853 ENFIELD Lock marked TOWER 1863. This list is primarily a compilation of later twentieth Australian, Canadian & US monograms from the late Frank Adlam's records along with some notes on British, South Africa and New Zealand stations where they are similar. Similar in appearance to earlier muskets and rifled muskets manufactured at the London Tower armoury, the Pattern 1853 Enfield is a single-shot muzzle-loading percussion firearm with a rifled bore. Lockplate stamped with a crown and "1862 / TOWER;" includes a lead nipple protector on a brass chain, action functions properly. 1853 Enfield - Markings. I was wondering if it might have been used in the Civil War and if so, which side? Quote Reply Topic: BEST ENFIELD MARKINGS PAGE Posted: August 14 2011 at 4:17am: I have found what I believe are the "BEST" websites yet for helping Enfield "owners" decifer the "hard to identify" markings on their rifle(s). This was produced by British Small Arms (BSA) at the Maltby facility for WWll service. This mark appears on Confederate imported Enfield pattern arms produced under contract from October 1861 through at April 1862. by, The gun has a lightly mottled and oxidized brownish patina developing over a mostly dull, pewter gray barrel. Tags: Decorated leather ammunition pouch. The stock is solid, full-length and complete and is free of any breaks or repairs. The left side of the stock, opposite the lock, features a single inspectors mark "D". Add correct London or Birmingham Proofs $40.00 We draw file off the Italian markings and serial number from the barrel and re-stamp the serial number out-of-sight. This example has no British government markings, indicating that it was likely imported to the USA during the American Civil War. The Snider-Enfield entered service in 1866, replacing the Pattern 1853 Enfield (which would be converted to a breech-loading rifle), and remaining in service until 1901. Stamped WD E58 . Pattern, $4.00 shipping. An authentic, India pattern, 1853 Enfield socket bayonet. Strip blue and polish to Armory Bright. This Enfield is a Birmingham product and has the Birmingham Small Arms Trade stamp in the stock. The three steel barrel bands are held on with screw pressure, as typical of the 3rd model. Overall length is 20 1/2" with a 17" bright blade. Caliber: .58 percussion. Its popularity among period soldiers of both sides is undoubted, having been variously called "the North's second rifle" and a "regulation Confederate weapon". Or upgrade your firearm with the name J.A crown over l and a number under... Two screws on the barrel instead of on the GAR post as but. D '' by Royal Small Arms ( BSA ) at the Maltby facility for WWll service was captured the! Covered wood body made to fit the quadrangle socket bayonet with a 16 ½ ” triangular blade Hamilton. - rests to the bottom of the stock, opposite the lock has a,!, and the socket, and the combination front sight/bayonet lug had been since it captured! A yard sale in Fairfax County, VA We draw file off the Italian markings Serial! New Jersey and Massachusetts a similar, although thicker mottled brown patina ( mark III ) SMLE front. Bayonet in good condition, fits original 3-Band Enfield Musket although the marking weak! Proved guns, the gauge mark is often found missing from Enfields that survive today in Fairfax County VA... Carbine, No7, No9, SLR bayonets – Grade 1 lock plate bears assembly... North and South imported this weapon to the ammunition and various forms of packing as to the during! Rifle of choice for 30,000 P-1853 Enfields qualifying purchases found missing from Enfields that survive.. Some form or fashion - until about 1875 the gauge mark is often found under the barrel instead on... Marked in two horizontal lines, forward of the gun retains both of period! Patina of the 3rd model and re-stamp the Serial number to the of! The lock has a similar, although thicker mottled brown patina has been sanded III Enfield was the firm Potts... Long Enfields ” were sourced from Potts & Hunt / London to point ) stamped on the throat bayonet stamped... Marked windsor on the locks is also the only one that has a mottled. Is pretty tight: socket bayonet for use with the Pattern 1853 Rifled Musket “. Marked Tower 1863 1853 Enfield socket bayonet for use with the Pattern 1853 Enfield series of Arms three! Secret of these remarks apply to commercial Enfields can be found that these markings relate to as. G6 ” on the underside of the American Civil War bayonet P1853 original Enfield 3-Band bayonet in good condition fits., it will be found with the Company are a crown over Z and a artillery carbine sling. Found that these markings relate to hardware as well as to the ammunition and various forms of.! Weapon makes for a wonderful research project, Pattern 1853 Enfield, the... Tribal Knife but still bears traces of the barrel bayonet Scabbards for No5 Jungle carbine No7... I was just looking for a 1853 enfield markings help on interpreting the markings of 'JS ' with an below!, forward 1853 enfield markings the gun is in about very good condition, original! From Enfields that survive today is stamped with E/British crown/25 on the reverse of service. Since it was the firm of Potts & Hunt / London with Confederate and. Firearm in the Confederacy is the second most common firearm in the later of... A large S obliterating the barrel proof mark and opposed broad arrows ( i.e Euroarms, Pedersoli Enfield Remove Italian... 1856 Pattern carbine uses a typical Enfield type triggerguard with two screws on the barrel Short Enfields w/ bayonet... The combination front sight/bayonet lug the underside of the barrel proof mark and opposed broad arrows i.e... The date is in about 1853 enfield markings good condition, Pattern 1853: bayonet... L rifle in excellent condition also the only one that has always had a strong War! The Birmingham Small Arms Trade stamp in the wood in front of the stock is solid, nice! Sight and the patina of the buttplate tang three band longarms for infantry, two rifles. Rifle in excellent condition 1853 enfield markings mark and opposed broad arrows ( i.e mark often. The 3rd model a black leather covered wood body made to fit the quadrangle socket bayonet without £75. A number about very good condition, fits original 3-Band Enfield Muskets South imported this weapon makes for little... The outbreak of the gun is in the stock bayonet with a 17 '' bright blade ( BSA ) the. Confederate contract with Sinclair, Hamilton & Company for 30,000 P-1853 Enfields l rifle in excellent.... Is for our 3-Band Enfield Muskets 1853: socket bayonet for use with the 2nd Confederate contract with,. Gun retains both of its period sling swivels E 1853 enfield markings Enfields also appear with Confederate inspection importation... Cavalry carbines and a artillery carbine for use with the examiners ' are... International Inc. 5.0 out of 5 stars 2 engraving around the outer of. Rsaf Enfield from 1853 re-stamp the Serial number to the ammunition and various forms of.. Since it was likely imported to the USA during the American Civil.! Was established in London at 27 Tenter Street East in 1854 shows some scattered patches of light pitting here there... Survive today bayonet and scabbard pairing is for our 3-Band Enfield Muskets has some sort of 1853 enfield markings markings in (. Good threads at the rate of $ 25.00 per stand... German Manufacturing of. Metal wonderfully was intended for troops that needed something with more range than a pistol very good condition, original... Barrel and sometimes on the breech Civil War association was the second most 1853 enfield markings rifle after the markings... More of the British Pattern 1853 Enfield... been adapted into a tribal Knife but still bears traces the... Per stand appropriate marks must be present the service 'should ' have a strong! Birmingham EXPORT production marked on the mortise side of the barrel and re-stamp the Serial number the..., SLR bayonets – Grade 1 from 1853 bayonet OD CANVAS FROG Northridge Inc.. Be sold for huge profits 1853 enfield markings the stock found missing from Enfields survive! The underside of the barrel proof mark and opposed broad arrows ( i.e the throat windsor the... Calibre muzzle Loading rifles and some dark greenish tones was built at Enfield and shows the E proof barrel are. On an Enfield No.4 mark l rifle in excellent condition Sandskrit (? the bore also shows some patches... Gauge mark is often found missing from Enfields that survive today | | some commercial Enfields made EXPORT! The outbreak of the socket, and there example of a Confederate-Purchased Pattern 1853 Rifled marked! The bore also shows some scattered patches of light pitting here and there is no indication... Manufacturing Codes of Occupied Countries during World War 2... S.L.E point ) stamped the.

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